Gum disease is among the most common dental problems in adults and is also one of the leading causes of tooth loss. Also known as periodontal disease. Periodontal disease is an infection of the tissues and bone that support the teeth. Untreated gum disease can become very severe, causing teeth to become loose or fall out.
Who’s at Risk?
Particular things can make you more likely to develop gum disease. This tendency may be inherited by some from your parents. The snacks you eat also can put at risk of developing gum disease – particularly in the event that you aren’t able to brush immediately after eating them and grab fries and a soda in the mall after school. You might not know that the acids that eat to your tooth enamel are also fed by starchy foods such as fries, although you know that sugar is bad for your teeth.
When you have dentures, fending off plaque can be tougher. Plus, some medical conditions (including diabetes and Down syndrome) and certain medications increase the risk of gum disease. Running down with a bad diet, too little sleep, and too much strain leaves you vulnerable to infection anywhere in the body, including your gums.
Girls have a higher chance of gum disease than men. Increases in female sex hormones during puberty can make girls’ teeth sensitive to annoyance. Some women may notice that their gums bleed a bit in the days. For acute – and early – gum issues, though, the actual bad guy is tobacco. Does smoking cause bad breath and stained, yellowed teeth but study shows that smoking is a cause of gum disease?
Based on the American Dental Association (ADA), individuals who smoke cigarettes and chew tobacco are more likely to have plaque and tartar buildup and to reveal signs of advanced gum disease. They are also more likely to develop mouth cancer later on.
It evolves in stages. Believe it or not, over half of teenagers have some form of gum disease. Do your gums bleed when you floss or brush your teeth? It is likely that you have the form of gum disease – bleeding gums are an indication of gingivitis. Warning signs of gingivitis contain gum tenderness, redness, or puffiness.
If plaque from teeth and gums is not eliminated by great daily dental care, over time it will harden to a crust called calculus or tartar. After tartar forms, it starts to destroy gum tissue, causing gums to pull away in the teeth and to bleed. This is known as periodontitis, a more advanced form of gum disease. Gums become weakened and form pockets around the bottom of teeth. Compounds pool causing destruction of the gums. As it spreads, it damages thicker gum tissues and may eventually spread to regions of the jawbone that support the teeth. This can cause teeth to become loose and fall out.
Stages of Gum Disease
Gingivitis is the earliest stage of Gum Disease. At this stage, bone and the tissue around the teeth have not been affected. If diagnosed Gingivitis can be reversed. It is brought on by insufficient flossing or cleaning and an overall lack of oral care.
Signs of Gingivitis are:
Red or swollen gums
Bleeding when cleaning
Visible plaque or tartar around the gum line
Bad Breath and Bad taste in your mouth
Gums who have separated, or pulled off, from the teeth, creating a pocket
Changes in the way your teeth fit together Once You bite
Pus coming from between your gums and teeth
If left untreated Gingivitis will worsen. The tissue will begin to pull away in the gum creating gum pockets that will trap food and bacteria. When gum disease gets to this point It’s known as Periodontal Disease (the word Periodontal means’around the enamel’)
Chronic Periodontitis: is an aggressive form of gum disease this is when the germs have reached the roots of the teeth, as well as the disease, continues to worsen. The gums recede inducing sensitivity.
Aggressive Periodontitis: is when the gum behind the teeth is destroyed by the bacteria and the teeth eventually become loose thereby leaving no other option but to remove the teeth. If they have not fallen out 9, that is!
Around 75% of people show some signs of gum disease.
Possible Reasons for Gum Disease
There are several things that could play a part in the presence of gum disease and may ultimately lead to heart disease. To begin with, those who use tobacco frequently (cigarettes, chewing tobacco, etc.) are more likely to be vulnerable to periodontal disease. Various studies have shown that people who smoke half a pack a day are likely to have gum disease compared to non-smokers. People who smoke will also be vulnerable to lung and cardiovascular disease.
Secondly, those who have poor diets may have increased exposure to gum disease and heart-related ailments. A poor diet may frequently deprive the human body system of the necessary nutrients that it needs so as to fight off infections. With time, this can impair your body’s ability to fight gum disease. Also, keep in mind that a poor diet may lead to obesity and other things that play a part in heart disease.
Third, stress may result in gum disease as your body is not as capable of combating infections. Whenever you are overly stressed, your body is less efficient at preventing such infections as gum disease in growing. Many studies have shown a connection between elevated levels of stress and ailments.
How To Prevent Gum Disease
Preventing gum disease might be as straightforward as brushing and flossing every day. By devoting care and attention to oral hygiene, you are able to dramatically reduce the chances of bacteria building up and causing a problem. You could also prevent the onset of gum disease by not smoking, maintaining a healthy diet and trying to reduce the amount of stress. Doing these things will also probably reduce the odds of developing heart disease.
Again, the relationship between gum disease and heart disease is still unclear. However, as tests and further studies are performed, the evidence continues to demonstrate that there exist between both conditions does a link. Maybe among the best things you can do in order to prevent gum disease and keep your heart health is to just use your toothbrush.
Overall, periodontal disease is a common and serious oral disorder that needs to be addressed early and treated properly. Depending on the seriousness and its development, gum disease can be split to the moderate (1st stage), moderate (2nd phase ) and acute (3rd stage) forms. The next stage leads to permanent tooth loss. The earlier you cure it, the easier and easier it is to handle and heal, and the higher chance you have of restoring the original condition and health of your oral cavity and saving your teeth and teeth. Last, you must also not forget that even in the event that you don’t notice any signs or clinical manifestations, you might still have some “silent or twisted” gum disorder. Therefore, routine dental and oral examination by your dentist or periodontist at Calgary SE Dentist and Dental Clinic | Go Dental Clinic is the best technique for diagnosing the disease early and in a stage.