The etiological concept of ailments and the methodology of treatment varies among the different methods of medicine. However, the mode of disorder identification (Nosological identification ) is typical for all systems. It is a fact that the close association between disease diagnosis and remedial diagnosis prevailed in Modern medication may not be seen in additional holistic methods, however, a diagnosis has its importance even in other methods. The mode of therapy could be either holistic treatment, special treatment, symptomatic therapy, and general lifestyle support to the individual. Modern medicine gives more importance to the specific therapy, whereas, systems such as Ayurveda, Homoeopathy, Siddha, Unani, Chinese medicine, Naturopathy, etc. give more importance to the holistic idea of treatment, i. e. remedy section by considering the physical, mental and psychological characters and life circumstances of the sick person.
However, in such systems too, disease diagnosis is equally important, as, under certain scenarios, the functioning of the organ or the system of the body needs to be backed up. The patient also may require some particular type of aid, for that the penis treatments must be installed. Aside from that, disease identification is essential for planning the disease management measures, prognosis, particular precautions, to know the life-threatening situations, prevention of spreading of this disease to others. Diagnosis is quite essential for statistics, research, and also to meet academic interests. Above all, due to some medico-legal motives, the physician should know the in-depth health status of his patient. Due to all these reasons, disease diagnosis is a must, irrespective of the method of treatment given to the patient.
Disease identification and curative diagnosis can be considered as the 2 sides of the same coin, therefore, both are having equivalent importance. Disease diagnosis is carried out by correlating the signs and symptoms of the patients (clinical features) with the information given by the bystanders and the lab investigation reports. In certain situations, there can be some problems in making a diagnosis, because, some diseases are having nearly similar clinical features. Additionally, infrequently occurring diseases or even a recently emerged disease may not be identified easily, particularly by a general practitioner. Under such conditions, a specialist’s opinion may be needed. Very rarely, a team of doctors is involved in the process of identification.
It’s not possible to name each disease we come across in our day to day practice. As per the worldwide Classification of Diseases (ICD-10), a noteworthy proportion of diseases can’t be named. In these circumstances, a diagnosis is possible despite having many health-related symptoms in the individual. Since the individual is affected, he’s got to be treated symptomatically. Some signs or conditions are wrongly understood as diseases by the laymen. For instance, clinical indications like jaundice, fever, nausea, headache, malaise, etc are not ailments; but clinical indications of some ailments. The naming of diseases is completed on several bases. The majority of the diseases are named after the person who invented this particular disorder (Buerger’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, Weil’s disease), some ailments based on the area where the disorder is common or diagnosed for the first time (African sleeping sickness, Madhura foot, Japanese encephalitis), based on some peculiarity of the symptoms (Chikungunya), or the basis of this organism responsible for the infection (Falciparum malaria, Amoebic dysentery, Bacillary dysentery), or the cornerstone of the affected organ (Myocarditis, Nephritis, Appendicitis), based on the origin (Alcoholic hepatitis, Wool-sorter’s disease), based on age (Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, Senile dementia), according to pathology(Mixed connective tissue disorder, Mucopolyscaccharidosis), etc. ). )
If a group of specific symptoms and signs are found in an individual, it’s called syndrome (Edward syndrome, Down syndrome, Laurence-moon syndrome). These days, we hardly encounter a patient having one disorder, whereas most patients are having a list of diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity, idiopathic hypertension, acid reflux disease, senile dementia, degenerative joint disease, etc… Many diseases are classified under a particular set of ailments. For example Degenerative joint disorders, Inflammatory bowel disorders, Psychosomatic diseases, Lifestyle disorders, etc… Here, each category consists of several diseases, but are grouped because of some common features such as pathological or etiological capabilities.
When a person comes to the doctor for the first time, instant disease identification may not be possible due to various reasons. However, considering the presenting clinical features and background provided by the patient, the physician can come to a provisional disease diagnosis. After doing the lab investigations, the final identification is carried out by correlating the clinical trials with investigation reports. However, the treatment isn’t kept pending until the last identification, especially in the event of life-threatening diseases such as diphtheria, whereas the treatment needs to be initiated immediately as soon as the disease is suspected, since, if we wait for the lab reports ahead of time, the individual might be critical. Some recent laboratory tests help in early identification, but the unavailability of sophisticated labs performing such evaluations is a significant deficiency faced by several countries. What are the diseases caused by asbestos exposure?
The development of science and technology has made a revolution in science. Now the concept of disease diagnosis done only based on clinical evaluation is obsolete. It’s now under the custody of several sophisticated machines and laboratory methods, a few of them pose more danger to the health. But, the noteworthy point is, under all laboratory reports, a disclaimer is written as”correlate with clinical findings”, which emphasizes the significance of case taking and clinical examination done by the doctor. In this age, the wherein doctor-patient relationship is interrupted, we come across several patients saying that the physician has suddenly prescribed the medication or referred them for laboratory tests without asking many questions and performing any sort of clinical examination.